If you’ve been diagnosed with Osteoarthritis of Knee, you may be wondering what treatment options are available for the condition. The following article will discuss various treatment options, including diagnostic imaging, non-surgical management, and Arthroscopic surgery. Keep reading to learn more. And, don’t forget to read the sidebars for more information. This article will focus on osteoarthritis of the knee and how to identify it, as well as the risks and benefits of each.
Treatment options for osteoarthritis of the knee are many. The diagnosis of the disease requires a thorough physical examination and history, as well as laboratory and radiologic findings. A standard radiograph is usually sufficient for a definitive diagnosis, although other modalities, such as MRI, may provide more information. In some cases, knee osteoarthritis may be exacerbated by underlying conditions. Treatment options for osteoarthritis of the knee will depend on the severity of the disease.
While most medications available for osteoarthritis of the knee do not affect the disease itself, they may help ease symptoms. Some medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), are used to treat pain. These medications are available in the form of creams, gels, and patches. Some NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and diclofenac gel, are over the counter, while ketoprofen is only available by prescription. NSAIDs can be very effective for knee osteoarthritis, but they are ineffective for the hip, as the joints are deeper below the skin.
The first step in diagnosing osteoarthritis of the knee is a complete physical examination. An initial study should include an ultrasound and a radiologist’s assessment of the knee. The latter will provide valuable guidance for diagnostic procedures and therapeutic interventions. Ultrasound is especially sensitive for diagnosing synovial cysts and is useful in evaluating ligaments and tendons around the joint. The latter is particularly useful in the case of osteoarthritis because the disease affects the joint space.
Conventional radiography has limitations, and more sensitive imaging tools are needed to evaluate OA of the knee. MRI is the most advanced and sensitive diagnostic imaging tool available for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee. It can identify osteophytes and biochemical changes of articular tissues and evaluate the biochemistry of bone marrow. However, MRI is expensive and not available to every patient.
Conservative treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee is not the only option for patients with OA. Non-surgical options include physical therapy and weight loss. Patients who are overweight are more likely to develop arthritis. If the condition does not respond to conservative treatment, total knee arthroplasty may be recommended. Surgical options are not appropriate for every patient, however, and patients should carefully consider the risks associated with the procedure.
Exercise is an essential part of non-surgical treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee. Performing one-quarter squats, leg extension, and leg presses can strengthen the knee. Strengthening exercises should only be performed if there is a limited amount of knee bending. Cardiovascular exercises can also help. Patients should engage in cardio exercises at least three times a week to keep the joints in good condition. Exercises such as running, walking, and cycling may also help to relieve pain.
Arthroscopic surgery involves making small incisions in the joint and inserting tiny instruments through these incisions to see inside the joint. This surgery is most often used to repair the meniscus, which is the C-shaped cartilage pad that surrounds the knee joint. It can also be used to repair a torn ligament or bursa. Arthroscopic surgery reduces pain and joint stiffness after the procedure, and can result in a faster recovery and less painful knee surgery.
Recent research has cast doubt on the effectiveness of arthroscopic surgery. One study in 2002 concluded that it was no better than placebo surgery, in which no instruments were inserted and no incisions were made. Three other studies have found that arthroscopy does not reduce pain as well as physical therapy. According to Kaiser Health News, the latest study has not found any significant differences between arthroscopy and placebo surgery.